Does smoking increases risk of heart diseases?

Yes, smoking is one of the major reasons for heart diseases and it is one of the leading cause of preventable deaths globally. Smoking leads to fat build-up in the arteries resulting in atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is an abnormal condition of arteries wherein the arteries are clogged and narrowed due to fatty deposition in the inner surface of the arteries, resulting in reduced blood supply and amount of oxygen throughout the body.

Smoking damages almost every organ of the body and is not only one of the major cause for heart diseases but also leads to various diseases such as cancer and lung diseases such as bronchitis, emphysema and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

If you smoke there are more chances you die early….

The risk for smokers increases to heart related problems such as heart attack, stroke, angina and peripheral arterial disease.

Heart attack Risk – 2X higher
Stroke Risk – 3X higher
Angina Risk – 20X higher
Peripheral Arterial Disease Risk – 5X higher

Studies also show that smokers die 13 to 14 years earlier than the non-smokers. The risk for a smoker to die from heart attack and stroke increases by four times however death through sudden cardiac arrest increases by three times.

Second-hand smoke is also proving fatal to health….

Second-hand smoking or passive smoking includes indirect tobacco smoke exposure to the people who do not smoke. Studies show that tobacco smoke releases around 7000 chemical compounds and out of these hundreds of them are toxic and around 70 resulting to life threating disease like cancer. Breathing of second-hand tobacco smoke is found to be as dangerous as active or direct smoking, especially it proves to be more fatal to people who already have heart disease and to children. It has been found that in United States, around 23,000 to 70,000 premature deaths from heart and blood vessel disease are caused by exposure to second-hand tobacco smoke.

Children are more prone to get impacted by the second-hand tobacco smoke as they are in growth phase resulting in higher rate of breathing. It is always advisable that smoking parents should take all necessary precautions so that their kids do not get exposed to second-hand tobacco smoke. Second-hand tobacco smoke can cause various diseases to children after getting exposed to it. The major diseases include:

Respiratory infections such as pneumonia and bronchitis
Severe and frequent asthma attacks
Ear infections
Chronic cough
Higher risk for Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)

E-cigarettes are also not a safer alternative for smokers…

People are becoming aware of the health issues resulting from smoking of conventional cigarettes, and now they are getting attracted towards a relatively newer option in the market called e-cigarettes or electronic cigarettes.

E-cigarettes have been marketed aggressively as a safer option to traditional cigarettes, however new studies are proving it wrong. Considering e-cigarettes are relatively newer in the market lot of studies have not been conducted on the impact of them on human health, although there are many premier institutes who have spearheaded studies related to impact of e-cigarettes on human health. As per the studies conducted till now e-cigarettes have lesser impact on health as compared to conventional cigarettes, but it has been found that they still pose serious harm to health. New York University School of Medicine conducted an in-vivo study on mice and found that the vapours released by the e-cigarettes causes damage to DNA in the lungs, bladder and heart and may result in higher risk of cancer and heart diseases.

In addition, another study by University of California San Francisco, e-cigarette smoking can double the risk of heart attacks.

So all in all, whether it be conventional cigarette or e-cigarette their impact on health are serious….

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